"Taxes are what we pay for civilized society." So says the former Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. Tax policy is complicated. We pay income tax at the Federal, State, and sometimes local levels. We pay sales tax on the goods and services we consume. We pay a tax in the form of access fees for government services (e.g. licenses, et cetera). We pay real property taxes. We pay other taxes too. But, not all taxes are created equal; not all taxes are fair and progressive. Most tax schemes benefit the rich and owners of capital and harm the poor and middle class. Reforms in our tax policy at every level of government is necessary for a fair and equitable tax system the pays for the civilized society of the present, and the future.